1The vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz, which he saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah.Next Verse 2
The Book of Isaiah (IPA: [s?.f?r j?.?a?.?j??.hu]) is the first of the Latter Prophets in the Hebrew Bible and the first of the Major Prophets in the Christian Old Testament. The book is identified by a superscription as the works of the 8th-century BCE prophet Isaiah ben Amoz, but there is ample evidence that much of it was composed during the Babylonian captivity and later. Bernhard Duhm originated the view, held as a consensus through most of the 20th century, that the book comprises three separate collections of oracles: Proto-Isaiah (chapters 1–39), containing the words of Isaiah; Deutero-Isaiah (chapters 40–55), the work of an anonymous 6th-century BCE author writing during the Exile; and Trito-Isaiah (chapters 56–66), composed after the return from Exile. While virtually no one today attributes the entire book, or even most of it, to one person, the book's essential unity has become a focus in current research. Isaiah 1–33 promises judgment and restoration for Judah, Jerusalem and the nations, and chapters 34–66 presume that judgment has been pronounced and restoration follows soon. It can thus be read as an extended meditation on the destiny of Jerusalem into and after the Exile.
The scholarly consensus which held sway through most of the 20th century saw three separate collections of oracles in the book of Isaiah. A typical outline based on this understanding of the book sees its underlying structure in terms of the identification of historical figures who might have been their authors:
Thank You for this Saturday. We come today with hearts so full of gladness and appreciation for the friends You have given us in this world. We know that the church is Your heart, and that You have called us to come together in unity to follow You.
Help us to reach out to and pour into others. By Your Holy Spirit, guide us so that we may bless those around us with the grace and love You so freely give to us.
Help us to live by the Golden Rule when it comes to others. Move in our hearts and lives, creating opportunities for us to connect with those we do not know in order to cultivate new relationships and tend to well established ones. Community is Your heart, Lord, and we pray today that You would move in our hearts so it becomes a great desire in our own natures as well.
In Jesus' name,